Fillamentum NonOilen®

  • Marque
  • Conditionnement
  • Diamètre
  • Produit éco-responsable
  • Pays d'origine
  • Produit
  • Qualité
  • T° d'utilisation préconisée
  • T° du plateau d'impression
  • Qualités
  • Tolérance du diamètre
  • Nuances

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33,05 €

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Seul bio-plastique sur le marché, qui ne contient pas de polymères synthétiques issus du pétrole et qui est encore assez résistant.


Marque: Fillamentum
Conditionnement: 750 g
Produit éco-responsable: 100% biodégradable dans le compost industriel et les composteurs électriques
Pays d'origine: Tchéquie
Produit: Polymers from renewable sources
Qualité: Supérieure
T° d'utilisation préconisée: 190 - 210° C
T° du plateau d'impression: pas d'application
Qualités: Stable, fiable et facile à imprimer
Tolérance du diamètre: +/- 0,05 mm
Nuances: White


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After a long-term partnership with the research team of prof. Ing. Pavol Alexy, PhD. from the Slovak Technical University, we are proud to introduce a brand-new material that is like a dream in the plastic world – a fully biodegradable filament for 3D printing. 

This special material is called NonOilen®

NonOilen®

NonOilen® is revolutionary material. 

This material perfectly fits the circular economy by:

being 100% bio-based – the beginning of the circle starts from the soil, it means that some plant consumed CO2 from the environment first,

being recyclable many times with little loss of the properties.

Thanks to these, you can cut the source of input materials and reuse the material itself.

Once the lifetime is over, it is 100% biodegradable in industrial compost.

Here the circle is closing, and the nutrient isolated from the soil are returned for the nature.

NonOilen®_Antonin_Nosek_Keep_Cup_03_.jpg
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All the polymers used for the production of NonOilen® are 100% biobased. It means that plants consumed the greenhouse gas CO2 and helped our environment. The monomers were isolated from these plants, polymers were prepared and when the lifetime is over, the CO2 released from the waste disposal is “green”. When the polymer is made from ingredients from petroleum, the released CO2 is additional and therefore it causes greenhouse effect.

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This material has great properties, such as high strength, hardness, toughness. The printed object can be used for food-contact applications and cleaned in the dishwasher. Thanks to this, the polymer may be REUSED. 

Printing is as easy as standard PLA. It helps to REDUCE the waste created by the failed printing. 

Once the object is broken and it can’t be used again, the material may be recycled several times. It is tested to be effectively RECYCLABLE many times with little loss of the properties. More details in section Handling the waste.  

In the end, when the material properties are all lost, it can be composted (more rapidly than PLA) while creating biomass, water, and carbon dioxide – these substances are beneficial to the soil. The circle of the material itself should end here, where the nutrients come back to the soil and plants. This is where NonOilen® differs from so-far-known materials because they are often bio-based, but not biodegradable. It is incorrect that the nutrients can’t be returned to the soil. 

Comparison of the Fillamentum bioplastics 

PLA ExtrafillPLA Crystal ClearTimberfill®NonOilen®
Polymer basepolylactic acidpolylactic acidmixture of biopolymers/15 % of natural fiberspolylactic acid/polyhydroxy butyrate
Mechanical propertiesstiff, rigidstiff, rigidbrittletough
Biodegradabilityindustrial compost/2 monthsindustrial compost/monthsindustrial compost/monthsindustrial compost, electric composter/90 days
Temperature resistance without/with annealing55 / 80 °C55 / 110 °C55 / 80 °C110/110 °C
Optical propertiesyellowish, transparentclear, transparentwood-like, non-translucentyellowish, non-translucent
Moisture sensitive••••••••••••••
Safe for food-contact applicationsyesyesnoyes
Recyclableusually with loss of mechanical propertiesusually with loss of mechanical propertiesnoyes, many times

3D Printing

This material is based on the blend of PLA and PHB. Therefore, it has similar processing to standard PLA filament. Differences that can cause an issue are mentioned in the 3D printing guide. 

Printing temperature: 175–195 °C 
Heated bed surface: PEI, mirror/glass, LockPAd  
Heated bed temperature: 0–50 °C 
Adhesive: 3DLac, PVA glue  
Speed: 20–50 mm/s 
Raft/skirt/brim: skirt  
Part cooling fan: 100 % 
Heated chamber/enclosure: not needed  

NonOilen®_Antonin_Nosek_Keep_Cup_01_.jpg

Adhesion – It is recommended to use 3Dlac or PVA glue as a separator of the object from the hotbed. NonOilen® can stick to the hotbed too much and it can damage the printed part or hotbed surface during removal.  

Overhangs – It is recommended to use lower layer heights for overhangs higher than 50°. To achieve the best results, use a part cooling fan at 100 %.  

Printing – The printing temperature should be set around 180 °C because under higher temperatures, the surface is rough, and stringing occurs due to high flow. Do not exceed 210 °C where the material can start degrading.  

Bioplastics importance

This material is named NonOilen® according to the polymer base. The monomers were not isolated from the fossil source (from oil, therefore “non-oil”), but it comes from 100 % of renewable resources

Why are bioplastics important? 

The whole concept of NonOilen® is based on the knowledge of environment pollution and greenhouse effect. It is necessary to find the source of materials in our nature; it means to reduce the fossil resources. 

To understand this importance, we need to mention that in hadean eon (4 to 4.5 milliard years ago) the planet Earth used to be extremely hot because of high content of CO2. Thanks to several phenomenon and the consumption of CO2 by the plants, the temperature was reduced, and it enabled the organisms to live on Earth. Tectonic folding caused that all these plants got under the surface and turned into oil, coal, or natural gas. In case that these substances are processed, the carbon dioxide is released back into the environment, which increases the temperature, therefore it is called the greenhouse gas. If all the fossil resources are extracted and used, the temperature of the atmosphere will be again so hot that we will not be able to live here! The life will end. (We do not have to be worried about the planet, but about all the living organisms. The planet will take care about itself.)

Screen Shot 2020-10-29 at 12.25.19.png

The circular economy comes with the concept of 3R, or R3. It means to Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. We need to reduce the waste, so many materials are used only once and thrown away – we must reuse them as many times as we can. We need to think about our actions and prevent waste (for example use tap water instead of buying many bottles or prefer choosing bigger packages). And once the reused object comes into the form of unused waste, we need to recycle the material. If we will follow these principles, we can cut the external new resources and function according to this scheme:

Circular Economy copy copy.png

The main principle is called “zero waste hierarchy”. It is clearly expressed in the picture below. 

WASTE HIERARCHY.png

NOT THIS WAY 

The first try to improve the biodegradability of commodity plastics was by oxo-bioplastics. The standard polymers (like PE, PP, PS) were modified by the addition of substances which cause oxo-degradation of those polymers. But they cannot be appropriately degraded in compost. They are disintegrated at small particles under 2 mm (the pieces of non-biodegraded polymer), but these small pieces and secondary microplastics (primary microplastics are made on purpose, but secondary ones are created by the degradation of plastics) harm our environment in the soil or in water. Plus, it is against the core principles of the circular economy, the oxo-plastics form a lot of disposable goods, they are used once, they cannot be recycled without the loss of properties, they degrade already while used (in the presence of oxygen). They are referred as biodegraded, but when they are placed into compost, they cannot be degraded appropriately. In the compost, the oxygen is missing for its degradation. 

As oxo-bioplastics are not helping to save the environment, but do exactly opposite, it is necessary to find different ways to influence the impact on the environment. In general, we need to: 

  • find new ways to degrade the polymers (for example chemical) 

  • find new sources to replace fossil resources 

  • find new resources to create biodegradable polymers with high-value use 

  • improve the handling with waste – no material should get into soil or water. The plastics have a bad reputation because they are seen as waste in the soil, in the oceans, because they can’t be degraded in less than hundreds of years there. BUT the metals, the glass, or the ceramics neither! 

Even if we would create new material that can be biodegraded in soil, in the ocean, it doesn’t mean that we can throw away all the stuff after one use, or that we can throw it wherever we want. The soil has also limited capacity. The ocean should not contain any of these objects, it is dangerous for the organisms before it degrades, it takes some time. 

  • recycle the materials unless it is more harmful to the environment than composting 

  • find more green sources of energy (renewable sources) 

  • improve the process of waste separation (recognition of bioplastics & composting or recycling of standard thermoplastics instead of combustion) 

Bioplastics 

It is macromolecule that is prepared by human processing from the natural sources (biomass), such as PLA, bio-PE, PBAT, bio-PET. Mostly, it is bio-based, but not biodegradable. 

It is necessary to pay attention on the designation from the companies. Under this designation, the producers may also hide plastics that contain less than 100 % of bio-based component. It can be only modified with 15 or 30 % (for example bio-PE). There are also plastics, that are 100% bio-based, but they can’t be biodegraded because of the created structure (for example polyamide 11). But on the opposite, we can find the polymers, that are biodegradable regardless of being fossil-based (like polycaprolactone).

Krizik.png

Handling the waste

To support the circular economy, please: 

  • think before you print – minimise the disposable goods, design the functional objects, reduce the waste 

  • reuse the printed object – it has great properties, it can be cleaned in the dishwasher, and it resists to water 

  • recycle the material – you can send it to Fillamentum, and we will exploit the polymer 

  • or dispose the material into biowaste – if the recycling is not effective, put NonOilen® into biowaste 

  • do not put it into plastic waste, it would not be separated correctly, but incinerated 

  • recycle the spool – it is made of recycled PP, which has specific grey colour to be easily recognised on the sorting line and ensures good separation in the waste 

  • recycle the bag – it is plastic foil coated with aluminium, which can be thrown away into the plastic waste 

  • recycle the box – it is made of the recycled paper and it can be recycled again 


Handling the waste 

If your object has ended its lifetime, you can put it into biowaste, into the home electrical composter for food waste, or the best way is to send it back to Fillamentum, in cooperation with the NonOilen’s producer, this material will be recycled, it can be used several more times

In industrial compost or electric composter, this material has about 3x faster degradation than standard PLA. The preconditions to be biodegraded are that temperature inside reaches at least 55 °C to loosen the polymer chains. Only then it can be attacked by the microorganisms that can start devouring the polymer. The contained polyhydroxy butyrate (PHB) in NonOilen® acts as an initiator for degradation. As the bacteria can polymerize it, they can also start metabolizing it fast. This causes that also the rest of the chains is more available for the bacteria to be decomposed. And the content of PHB has a key role to fasten the degradation of NonOilen® in comparison with PLA. 

Unfortunately, many of the companies that process the waste, are not ready for the compostable bioplastics. Few problems are: 

  1. that the compostable bioplastics should not be placed in the plastic waste, but into compost or biowaste. Otherwise it contaminates the plastic waste. 

  2. On the sorting line, the bioplastics are not recognized from the oil-based plastics. They are usually landfilled. 

  3. Bioplastics (for example used for packaging) may be contaminated with the food, but these cannot be accepted into the compost due to standards. 

  4. Companies consider that these bioplastics do not decompose anyway. They are not forced to improve the process

Therefore, the best way to handle the waste is recycling, which can be arranged by company Fillamentum in cooperation with NonOilen’s producer. Send us the pieces of unused filament, unsuccessfully printed objects, broken objects, etc. We will forward them. If the properties of the material are not suitable for recycling anymore, never mind. It may be effectively composted. 

NonOilen_Info_Grafika.png

Eventually, it is possible to join our project and research new possibilities. If you prefer to compost the material at your place, please keep in mind that the design, thickness, compost composition, and its efficiency influence the conditions of NonOilen’s disintegration. It is better to break the object into small pieces that will be attacked easier than the bulk objects. The decomposition of a larger or thicker object may take longer. But in the end, after some time, nothing remains. You can contact us and send us some pictures or information about your own results. 

Poharik na skladku.png

These are the ways how to handle the waste so far, as the project is still in the development. In the future, we want to provide more options and offer a concept of the closed loop of the material flow to save the environment. 

Environmental dictionary

With so many words and phrases related to the environment, it can be hard to keep track of what all of them actually mean. We have created a list of all the terminology that the products in circulation can be marked. 


Biodegradable 
(Biodegradable plastic is plastic that will degrade through the action of naturally occurring microorganisms, such as bacteria, fungi, etc. over some time.) 
A product made of natural, raw materials that will decompose or rot into the earth without harming the environment. However, biodegradable products like plates, cups, and utensils are able to break down in a biodegradable industrial setting. Industrial biodegradable settings are usually more controlled than natural environments. 

Bio-sourced/bio-based 
A bio-based material is a material intentionally made from substances derived from living (or once-living) organisms. Strictly the definition could include many common materials such as wood and leather, but it typically refers to modern materials that have undergone more extensive processing. Bio-based materials are often biodegradable, but this is not always the case. 

Biopolymer 
The macromolecule that is created by the living organisms, such as cellulose, rubber, or proteins, PHB. 

Bioplastic 
It is macromolecule that is prepared by human processing from the natural sources (biomass), such as PLA, bio-PE, PBAT, bio-PET. Mostly, it is bio-based, but not biodegradable. 

Bio-products/materials 
Bioproducts or bio-based products are materials, chemicals, and energy derived from renewable biological resources. 

Compostable 
Items that can break down into small pieces within 90 days and do not release toxic residue are considered compostable. Things like newspapers, eggshells, coffee grounds, fruits, veggies, etc. can all be composted. They break down into nutrient-rich soil and can be used to help plants grow. Composting can happen on individual, communal, and industrial levels. Composting helps reduce the amount of food waste that gets sent to the landfill. 

Carbon neutral 
Carbon neutral is when there is no net release of carbon. For example, if a company releases a certain amount of carbon into the environment and then takes actions to take that same amount of carbon out of the environment, they are carbon neutral. This is often done by planting trees or donating money to organizations that work to reduce carbon emissions. 

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Eco/Ecological 
The relationship between organisms and their environment. Commonly and informally used as a term for products and materials which are environmentally friendly. 

Eco-friendly / Environmentally Friendly / Planet-Friendly 
A broad term used for products and materials which are made specifically to reduce the negative effects on the environment. Also reducing the use of non-renewable resources in sourcing, manufacturing, packaging, use, and disposal. This term applies to activities and services. 

Natural 
A product or material which does not come from human-made origins, e.g., timber, leather, beeswax, etc. 

Non-toxic 
A substance which is not poisonous or hazardous to a living organism's health, well-being, and survival. 

Non-Renewable Resource 
A resource such as a raw material that cannot be regenerated, replaced, or restored within a human lifetime. One example of this is fossil fuels. 

Recycled 
Recycling is the process of converting waste into new materials. Recycling centres don't always accept all recyclable materials because some materials are more difficult to recycle than others. When looking at a product made from plastic, you may see a triangle with a number in the middle. The number indicates what type of plastic it is. One downside to using plastic is it can only be recycled a limited number of times before its quality is too low to use again, then it ends up in a landfill.  

Recycling 
The practice of collecting and processing materials that would otherwise be thrown away as trash. Instead, they are used to make new products. 

Downcycling 
The process of using recycled materials for manufacturing new products. The materials, however, go down in quality compared to their state in the original product. This process is an invaluable and essential aspect of recycling. 

Upcycling/creative reuse 
The process of transforming by-products, waste materials, useless, or unwanted products into new materials or products of better quality and environmental value. It is the opposite of downcycling. 

Precycling 
The practice of reducing waste by attempting to avoid bringing items that will generate waste into home or business. The preferred method of integrated solid waste management because it cuts waste at its source, and therefore, trash is eliminated before it is created.  

Waste management 
The activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. This includes the collection, transport, treatment, and disposal of waste, together with monitoring and regulation of the waste management process. 

Sustainable 
Sustainable human activities will not adversely affect generations in the future. An example of sustainable material is timber supplies, the rate of felling and growing of trees must be balanced so that felling does not outweigh the time needed for growing new trees. Forests that are in balance are called sustainably managed forests. Another aspect of this lifestyle choice is to conserve as much as possible. 

Vegan 
A vegan product does not contain any animal ingredients or animal-derived ingredients. This includes, but is not limited to, honey, beeswax, lanolin, collagen, albumen, carmine, cholesterol, gelatine, and many others. Items that are tested on animals can claim to be "vegan." This is a crucial distinction because a vegan product is not necessarily cruelty-free. 

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